Saltar al contenido principal

Variantes raras encontradas en paneles de genes clínicos iluminan la arquitectura genética y alélica de la hendidura orofacial

Purpose: Hendiduras orofaciales (OFC) are common birth defects including cleft lip, cleft lip and palate, and cleft palate. OFCs have heterogeneous etiologies, complicating clinical diagnostics because it is not always apparent if the cause is Mendelian, environmental, or multifactorial. Sequencing is not currently performed for isolated or sporadic OFCs; therefore, we estimated the diagnostic yield for 418 genes in 841 cases and 294 controls.

Methods: We evaluated 418 genes using genome sequencing and curated variants to assess their pathogenicity using American College of Medical Genetics criteria.

Resultados: 9.04% of cases and 1.02% of controls hadlikely pathogenicvariants (PAG < .0001), which was almost exclusively driven by heterozygous variants in autosomal genes. Cleft palate (17.6%) and cleft lip and palate (9.09%) cases had the highest yield, whereas cleft lip cases had a 2.80% yield. Out of 39 genes with likely pathogenic variants, 9 genes, including CTNND1 and IRF6, accounted for more than half of the yield (4.64% of cases). Most variants (61.8%) were "variants of uncertain significance", occurring more frequently in cases (P = .004), but no individual gene showed a significant excess of variants of uncertain significance. Conclusion: These results underscore the etiological heterogeneity of OFCs and suggest sequencing could reduce the diagnostic gap in OFCs.

Cerrar menú